Zoos breed animals because the presence of babies draws zoo visitors and boosts revenue. He’s been involved with a range of projects over four continents. #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:12px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; }, 25th Sep ’18: Scientific Exploration Society, London (tbc). This majestic antelope often called the “Unicorn of the desert” once inhabited the entire Arabian Penisula from Iraq to Syria was completely wiped out from the wild after the last small group was either captured or killed in the 1970s. OK, not all zoos are good at engagement. No-one wants it to go wrong, so give them your support. Yes! Great article. Today, the conservation status of takhi has moved from “extinct in the wild”, “critically endangered” and then finally to “endangered”, the wild population still faces many challenges such as harsh winters, but due to the continued help of wildlife biologists and captive breeding programs around the world, the future looks bright for this once extirpated horse. The vast majority of these complaints are really just myths and misconceptions perpetuated through the media, so I figured it would be good to get them out of the way before we dive into the deeper benefits of zoos and aquariums. Zoos are among the greatest places to take your family for a fun adventure. Hi Aubrey! A child fell into an enclosure with a gorilla named Harambe, and to protect the child the gorilla was shot. Incidentally, it’s the same for botanic gardens too, but no-one seems to care about those! A zoo offers animals food, protection, and water that they may not have been able to find out in the wild. Should large new animals be collected from the wild? /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. Hey, I agree! Zoos are helpful to save the wild animal from getting endangered which is a wise step towards restoration of ecosystem. 6. This once widespread animal was hunted by the native people of the area and was only wiped out due to human encroachment when oil companies brought roads and excessively wasteful hunting parties, the Oryx was fast but not faster than a westerner with a gun and a car. Almost 20 years later in 1990, there was over 1000 Przewalski’s Horse in over 129 zoological institutions throughout the world and two years later the first herd of 16 animals was released into the wilds of Mongolia, followed by many more. In 2006, thieves planning to steal one of the koalas in Rockhampton Zoo of Queensland, Australia changed their mind after it proved too vicious because “apparently [the koala] scratched the sh*t out of them” and stole a … I … It’s risky and hard. Hi there, it stands for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature – here’s a link. :) Zoos are a living museum. The creation of the modern zoo. Zoochosis is a portmanteau of zoo and psychosis. The word “zoo” is short for “zoological park.” Zoos contain wide varieties of animals that are native to all parts of the Earth. The Centre for Conservation Research at the Calgary Zoo is a good example of this. Thanks! The main objective of this program is to manage populations of a particular species in multiple zoos to ensure that the population has the opportunity to thrive both in captivity and in the wild. Most zoos are funded not by taxpayer resources, but through independent donations, memberships, and ticket sales. Thank you. The modern zoos are very aware of the conditions needed to mirror the natural habitat as closely as possible and maintain proper health and behavior of the animals. 16-20 Interesting Facts About Animal Zoos 16. You will learn about interesting and fun wildlife, see animals you have never saw before and ultimately have an all-around great … These accreditation bodies hold zoos accountable for their facilities as well as their standards to ensure that all animals in these accredited facilities are receiving the same level of care across the board. Normally, one would hope that zoos themselves would be proudly showcasing their work, but as I discovered last week on Al Jazeera given the barrage of attacks that Cincinnati experienced, many zoos are reluctant to speak up. Zoos exploit captive animals by causing them more harm than good. The Przewalski Horse, named after the Russian explorer Nikołaj Przewalski but often called takhi in the areas they are found, is the last truly wild horse left on planet earth and carry with them a truly remarkable zoological success story. So I would urge you to support the good ones, improve the bad ones, don’t tar them all with the same brush and remember: The focus should be on protecting natural habitats and that zoos can help achieve that. 5. Zoos provide a great opportunity for us to learn more about creatures from distant lands. Heres a few examples of some conservation success stories that came about due to the hard work of zoos and aquariums. What is much, much harder is taking action to support conservation in the field, to reduce the impact of climate change or tackle pollution. Even the best zoos struggle financially. As I mentioned in the above paragraph, many of the zoos and aquariums in North America have to go through a rigorous accreditation process from a governing body such as AZA (Association of Zoos and Aquariums) or CAZA (Canada’s Accredited Zoos and Aquariums). Gone are the old steel-bar enclosures and cold cement cages. 4. Breeding programmes provide a safeguard: zoo-bred animals can be released into the wild to increase genetic diversity. One hundred times, yes. 3. Zoos are good for animals as they can be used to maintain the conserved species, to share the genetic resources in order to conserve the species. They laughed at my statement and now I’m trying to find the law that states that, yet Google isn’t providing me with any information. This post helped me in composing my write up that had to oppose the fact that zoos should be banned. Zoos protect wild animals too. Being a zookeeper is also not a high paying job which means that almost all of the people who pursue that line of work are doing so out of love of the animals and their work. It was coined by the late Bill Travers … One of the only times an animal is taken from the wild and placed into captivity at a zoo is generally a young or injured animal that was deemed unreleasable by veterinarians and biologists. For today’s post, I have decided to tackle the benefits of zoos and aquariums. you have the influence to help them not encourage people to see them as strictly entertainment” and “Unfortunate that you choose to support captivity”. Zoos protect against a species going extinct. Zoos don’t just work independently to help animals they home and rescue. At the same time, there is an opportunity to teach people more about nature. This is one that is up for interpretation and is impossible to say with 100% certainty due to the fact that we cannot read the animals mind to tell whether it is “happy” or not. Conservation is another way in which zoos help animals and the environment. Click HERE and find out what Wild Enrichment can do for you. Home to 50 species of animals, 20 of which are rare or endangered, the Good Zoo is the only institution in the state of West Virginia accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Luckily for the Oryx, conservationists predicted the wild population’s demise and managed to capture several individuals in an expedition called “Operation Oryx”. Almost all facilities have interpretive signage at every exhibit that tells the visitor a bit about the animal in the exhibit as well as any threats facing the animal in the wild. James is a scientist, writer and speaker with a passion for adventurous conservation fieldwork and expeditions. Being eaten by a predator more often than not the furthest thing from a “clean kill” or “humane” as that predator is also just trying to stay alive by any means necessary. Great! Thanks! I’m by no means saying that there is nothing wrong with zoo’s and aquariums, there are pros and cons to everything and since the cons seem to be widely understood and perpetuated, (whether they are true or false) in this article ill simply be going over the benefits of zoos and aquariums. Furthermore, it does not endanger the lives of people and saves money on travelling costs to other countries. Busch Gardens Tampa Bay has the most with about 4,500,000 visitors. Some good things that many Zoos do today include: Acting as sanctuaries for endangered animals. I currently work at the Toronto Zoo. Zoochosis. A zoo is a place where animals live in captivity and are put on display for people to view. So I’m very happy to advocate good zoos, and only good zoos from a conservation perspective (my article about the great stuff they do is here). In fact the zoos themselves were reluctant to send their own representatives for fear of going head to head with vocal animal rights activists. The Zoological Society of London, as an example, participates in over 160 of these programmes. All the Surplus Animals Are Killed. If you see an animal that is not naturally solitary living by itself in an exhibit you can rest assured that the facility is scouring the network of other zoos and aquariums to try and find this animal an exhibit mate. Zoos enable people to have fun, as they are adventurous in nature. Andrew Gray on August 08, 2020: A very good piece.Thank you Peter. The zoos are present everywhere across the globe, and it is a good technique to allow people become knowledgeable on wild animals. Yet despite zoos popularity with the public, it seems that finding someone willing to defend and support zoos work on live TV is difficult. Um I’ve been researching and I went to your sight and I need to know what LUCN means thanks buy. A very occasional email newsletter with expedition news, conservation resources and speaking dates. This competitiveness means that zoos can be extremely picky about who they hire, and only hire the best to take care of their animals. 2. African elephants in the wild live more than three times as long as … Zoos enable people Aspiring conservationist? Helping respond to emergencies. There are 39 animal species currently listed by the IUCN as Extinct in the Wild. One thing we can do is assess an animals behaviour based on what we know to be normal for that animal and we can mitigate behaviours that we know to be caused by stress or boredom, such as Stereotypic behaviours. Are zoo's good or bad? There are a lot of stories that will make you lose a little faith in your fellow … International union for conservation of nature. These accreditation bodies really help ensure that an animal moving between accredited facilities are going to receive the same standard of care no matter where they go. All zoos strive to make their exhibits as close to the animal’s natural environment as they possibly can, as well as trying to ensure the animal is stimulated both physically and mentally. Arguments for Zoos By bringing people and animals together, zoos educate the public and foster an appreciation of the other species. A couple of weeks ago, there was an accident at Cincinnati zoo. Even if you get away from the predator, even a minor injury can become infected and result in a long slow death. Your day as a prey species would be spent trying to find food so you don’t starve while at the same time trying not to get eaten by a predator. Though people have kept wild animals for thousands of years, those collections have not always resemble d modern zoos. Another great part of zoo education programs is the hands-on and close encounters with various animals they get during camps and keeper talks, being able to see that snakes aren’t the slimy evil creatures that a lot of people think they are, this can really have a profound impact on how the public views them. In a zoo, a lion if kept in small confinement that would never allow him to roam freely as he desires. Whilst much of attention that generates is unfortunately negative, it does give folks like me an opportunity to shout about the great and critically important work zoos do for conservation (and how they might get better at it in the future). Required fields are marked *. Zoos go by several different official names. For species whose survival in the wild looks in doubt, zoos often set up ‘insurance’ populations. MANY animals in the wild are completely solitary and only spend time with one another to mate, examples of this include Tigers, Jaguars, Bears, Owls, Foxes and Sea turtles and many many more. Very good essay for anyone in middle school or lower level high school. I was prompted to write this article when I saw The Rocks recent Instagram post of him posing with a sea lion. Over the next few decades, probably not. Zoos also contribute to scientific research. In the last 20 years, an estimated 168 amphibian species have gone extinct. Conservation Resources || Sponsorship || Expeditions || Conservation Blogs || Citizen Science || Speaking || Gallery || Organisations || Research || Videos || About ||, Five of the Strongest Arguments Against Zoos, 8 Reasons that Zoos are Critically Important for Conservation, Tree Planting and Forest Conservation Charities. All of the information and opinions communicated though the Wild Enrichment podcast, WildEnrichment.com and affiliated social media accounts are based on my own opinions and experiences and are not in any way reflective of the opinions of my employers, past or present.*. Interested in expeditions and adventure? I thought I’d take the chance to highlight some of the things I think they could do better – starting with the very arguments used against them. This essay explores the good and bad things about zoos. But fortunately there is a long running breeding program with over 200 surviving in captivity. These things are a lot less tangiable, a lot harder to get to grips with. While zoos claim to champion conservation efforts, they sell surplus animals, such as male lions, to roadside zoos or private collectors. Yet zoos and aquariums are so much more than a tourist destination, and there was once a … This research is critical to the survival of all threatened species on earth and is one of the largest benefits of zoos and aquariums around the world. I am a zookeeper, enrichment and animal welfare professional and creator of Wild Enrichment. The 20th Century saw huge changes for British zoos. I myself volenteer at my local zoo and want to study zoology in college, to become a zoo keeper. The main benefits of zoos and aquariums include Conservation, Education and Research programs that are designed to preserve and protect wild populations of animals as well as educate the public about the threats that face them. These individuals were then housed at The Phoenix Zoo in Arizona and were joined by several individuals from private collections and the London Zoo. Luckily for the species, these individuals had been caught in the 1940s for use in zoo collections and by the end of World War 2, there were two small populations of 12 horses located in Munich Zoo and Prague Zoo. Daksh S. Your email address will not be published. Average adult entrance price (247 zoos) is $ 9.01 in the USA. Zoos offer animal activities to maintain natural instincts and movements. 7. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Zoos are good in many ways, many animals are safe in zoos and get full care and zoos also provide animals with adequate food and water. Having access to captive populations of animals can be extremely beneficial to researchers as they don’t have to go traipsing around the jungle and other potentially inaccessible environments to find the animal, and can also easily manipulate conditions and view them 24/7. At WWT Barnes on the outskirts of London I have stood on a wet Winter day watching Nene, which was once the world’s rarest goose (now, incidentally, successfully reintroduced). Each plan is closely monitored by professionals called a Taxon Advisory Groups (TAG) that ensure individual animals are being paired for breeding with an appropriate mate as well as being housed at a facility where they have the greatest chance of success. Thanks so much for reaching out, I’m so glad you found the article helpful. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. Over 105,656,000 visitors went to the 202 (out of the total of 355 zoos) responding institutions in the USA in 2002. Wild animals like lions, bears, tigers, leopards, and even elephants like to roam around in free spaces, spaces bigger than the entire zoos. Would I rather have a species in captivity, than not at all. This is a very large undertaking as there are currently almost 500 SSP’s in place in North America and many more throughout the world such as WAZA and EAZA. If you want to see animals, you should go see them in the wild. Would I rather have a species in captivity, than not at all. The USA has at least 355 zoos. The old practice of going out into the wild and pulling a snatch and grab from a mother gorilla is simply a thing of the past. It’s difficult to engage people with conservation efforts taking place half a world away, believe me, I know. I am writing a paper about the benefits of zoos, and this was very helpful! Zoos are also working to save polar bears, tigers, and wild African elephants from habitat loss, apes and rhinos from poachers, dolphins and whales from hunters, and bees and butterflies from population declines, among many other efforts to help many other animals. Responding to threats such as this, especially in small or medium sized vertebrates is surely one of the greatest uses of zoos around the world. Comments. You’ve probably been to at least one in your lifetime, a tourist in the vast, managed habitats of species from around the world. After several years of captive breeding, Oryx were slowly released in small herds into Oman in 1982 and then to Jordan and then Saudi Arabia. One of the benefits of zoos and aquariums is that we can assure all of our zoo animals will be safe from predators and will have access to adequate food, water, and medical attention. Where: Melbourne, FL Why It’s Cool: This medium-size zoo it unique for the many ways in which it allows you to view its animals.In addition to close-up encounters and feedings, guest can paddleboat, kayak, zipline, rappel or take a train to view various parts of the park. In 2014, 700 million people visited zoos worldwide. With the ever-changing wild landscape being ripped apart by climate change and habitat loss, captive breeding programs are needed more then ever to assure the survival of some of the species that cannot survive on their own. Good zoos will not gain any credibility from their critics until they step forward and condemn the Bad zoos wherever they are. My final reason that zoos are good is that animals are protected from poachers and other dangerous animals. For me at least, zoos remind us that conservation does work, we just need more of it. Another thing that many people do not know about almost all zoos is that their standards of care are constantly being updated and scrutinized by large accreditation bodies which we will talk about next. Some animals are almost impossible to find in the wild, therefore a captive population is invaluable to researchers as they don’t need to blow their whole budget trying to even locate the animal. It is often argued that zoos are bad because so few reintroduction actually happen. Anyone who has ever worked in an animal care facility knows the complaints they always hear from members of the public. Based on the information above it is clear that zoos and aquariums benefit the world immensely and are vitally important to the future of conservation and survival of many species around the world. They provide a safe environment for animals that are being threatened by... Education on wildlife. Zoo animals are sort of like ambassadors for their counterparts in the wild. Indeed not all zoos are good full stop. For me, this is the single most important role zoos can play. This is especially apparent for animals where climate change and habitat loss is making living in the wild more and more difficult with each passing year. Your email address will not be published. So next time you are travelling to a new city or looking for a zoo in the city that you live in, check to make sure they are accredited by a recognized institution or do some research to ensure you are supporting a facility with only the highest standard of care. In addition, as numbers of some wild species drop, there is an increased danger of populations becoming too genetically similar. As you can clearly see from the examples above and many other examples, one of the main benefits of zoos and aquariums is their ability to literally save species from the brink of extinction and start a healthy wild population again. This group had several calves in the first year and the breeding program was expanded to Los Angeles Zoo, Gladys Zoo, and San Diego Wild Animal Park in order to keep the population genetically diverse. These animals can be perfectly content living by themselves in zoos and it can often be very dangerous to house solitary animals together as it may result in violence. A good zoo will enable these species to live and breed in a secure environment. Zoos don't just entertain, they also aim to educate. From animal behaviour, to reproductive rates to dietary requirements. In them, you will get to see a lot of exotic animals that you only get to see on TV or read in books. Even the best zoos, such as the Woodland Park Zoo in Seattle, have millions more in expenses each year than they receive through incoming revenues. Removing the bars. The Louvre: You don't have to book a ticket to Paris to check out some of the famous pieces in the … Zoos may be great entertainment, but their big goal is to educate the public about wildlife and what we can do to protect them. Zoos are helpful to save the wild animal from getting endangered which is a wise step towards restoration of ecosystem. It’s difficult for one individual to feel that they have made much of a difference, and so often we don’t get the same feeling of satisfaction or achievement. Zoos don’t just work independently to help animals they home and rescue. In an ever-changing world faced with global challenges such as climate change and habitat loss, conservation efforts are crucial to ensure that endangered and extirpated species do not reach the point of extinction and continue to thrive in their natural ecosystems for generations to come. In Antsohihy, Madagascar I have peered through the mesh fence at the world’s only population of Malagasy pochard, a duck thought to be extinct for years and then rediscovered. But zoos are not perfect. *Wild Enrichment is independently owned and claims no affiliation to any Zoo, Aquarium or other animal care institution. I very much doubt I have anything new I could add. Let me know what you think! A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a place where many different species types of animals are kept so people can see and watch them.. 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Of babies draws zoo visitors and boosts revenue it ’ s post, I ’ so... Of London, as they are adventurous in nature the child the was! Threat to worldwide amphibian populations far longer in captivity, than not at all some! But I would argue that it ’ s the same time, there was once …. For conservation Research at the Phoenix zoo in Arizona and were joined by several individuals from collections! At all home and rescue and physical presence part in my opinion that. We recommend moving this block and the importance of conservation captive animals by causing them more harm than.... And assist animal care institution kept in small confinement that would have vanished totally were it not for populations! Their own representatives for fear of going head to head with vocal animal rights activists distant. Sell surplus animals, such as male lions, to become a zoo.! Remind us that conservation does work, we just need more of it replaces hunting, migration, pernicious. 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